What do a.m. and p.m. stand for?


[kuh-mens] /kəˈmɛns/
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), commenced, commencing.
to begin; start.
Origin of commence
1250-1300; Middle English commencen < Anglo-French, Middle French comencer < Vulgar Latin *cominitiāre, equivalent to Latin com- com- + initiāre to begin; see initiate
Related forms
commenceable, adjective
commencer, noun
recommence, verb, recommenced, recommencing.
uncommenced, adjective
well-commenced, adjective
originate, inaugurate. See begin. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for recommence
  • Yet the peace process will not recommence in its former hopeful place.
  • Service will recommence as soon as practicable following clearance from the regulatory agencies.
  • All applicable timelines shall recommence beginning the date of this order.
  • During fall planting, continue to water until the ground is frozen and recommence watering after the spring thaw.
  • It is to the benefit of all parties for this work to be done before rail operations recommence.
British Dictionary definitions for recommence


to begin or commence again
Derived Forms
recommencement, noun


to start or begin; come or cause to come into being, operation, etc
Derived Forms
commencer, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French comencer, from Vulgar Latin cominitiāre (unattested), from Latin com- (intensive) + initiāre to begin, from initium a beginning
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for recommence

late 15c., from Old French recommencier "begin again, start afresh" (11c.), from re- "back, again" (see re-) + commencer (see commence). Related: Recommenced; recommencing.



c.1300, from Old French comencier "to begin, start" (10c., Modern French commencer), from Vulgar Latin *cominitiare, originally "to initiate as priest, consecrate," from Latin com- "together" (see com-) + initiare "to initiate," from initium (see initial (adj.)). Spelling with double -m- began in French and was established in English by 1500. Related: Commenced; commencing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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