1375–1425; late Middle English recoveren; see re-, cover

re-cover, recover. Unabridged


verb (used with object)
to get back or regain (something lost or taken away): to recover a stolen watch.
to make up for or make good (loss, damage, etc., to oneself).
to regain the strength, composure, balance, or the like, of (oneself).
to obtain by judgment in a court of law, or by legal proceedings: to recover damages for a wrong.
to acquire title to through judicial process: to recover land.
to reclaim from a bad state, practice, etc.
to regain (a substance) in usable form, as from refuse material or from a waste product or by-product of manufacture; reclaim.
Military. to return (a weapon) to a previously held position in the manual of arms.
Football. to gain or regain possession of (a fumble): They recovered the ball on their own 20-yard line.
verb (used without object)
to regain health after being sick, wounded, or the like (often followed by from ): to recover from an illness.
to regain a former and better state or condition: The city soon recovered from the effects of the earthquake.
to regain one's strength, composure, balance, etc.
Law. to obtain a favorable judgment in a suit for something.
Football. to gain or regain possession of a fumble: The Giants recovered in the end zone for a touchdown.
to make a recovery in fencing or rowing.

1300–50; Middle English recoveren < Middle French recoverer < Latin recuperāre to regain, recuperate

recoverer, noun

re-cover, recover.

1. Recover, reclaim, retrieve are to regain literally or figuratively something or someone. To recover is to obtain again what one has lost possession of: to recover a stolen jewel. To reclaim is to bring back from error or wrongdoing, or from a rude or undeveloped state: to reclaim desert land by irrigation. To retrieve is to bring back or restore, especially something to its former, prosperous state: to retrieve one's fortune. 9. heal, mend, recuperate; rally. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
recover (rɪˈkʌvə)
1.  (tr) to find again or obtain the return of (something lost)
2.  to regain (loss of money, position, time, etc); recoup
3.  (of a person) to regain (health, spirits, composure, etc), as after illness, a setback, or a shock, etc
4.  to regain (a former and usually better condition): industry recovered after the war
5.  law
 a.  (tr) to gain (something) by the judgment of a court of law: to recover damages
 b.  (intr) to succeed in a lawsuit
6.  (tr) to obtain (useful substances) from waste
7.  (intr) (in fencing, swimming, rowing, etc) to make a recovery
[C14: from Old French recoverer, from Latin recuperārerecuperate]

re-cover (riːˈkʌvə)
1.  to cover again
2.  to provide (a piece of furniture, book, etc) with a new cover

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "to regain consciousness," from Anglo-Fr. rekeverer (late 13c.), O.Fr. recovrer, from L. recuperare "to recover" (see recuperation). Meaning "to regain health or strength" is from early 14c.; sense of "to get (anything) back" is first attested mid-14c. Recovery
is c.1300, in Anglo-Fr., both of health and of legal possession.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Now, nearly two years after the redesign, the oak is recovering nicely and the
  resident deer are coexisting with the plants.
She started taking lessons when she was recovering from a painful divorce and
  learned a lot more than a few dance steps.
The wound was bandaged and the patient then showed symptoms of the disease
  before recovering, usually without scars.
His guitar shows the recovering soldiers that they don't always have to be bad.
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