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recumbent

[ri-kuhm-buh nt] /rɪˈkʌm bənt/
adjective
1.
lying down; reclining; leaning.
2.
inactive; idle.
3.
Zoology, Botany. noting a part that leans or reposes upon its surface of origin.
noun
4.
a recumbent person, animal, plant, etc.
Origin
1765-1775
1765-75; < Latin recumbent- (stem of recumbēns), present participle of recumbere to lie back, equivalent to re- re- + cumb-, akin to cubāre to lie down + -ent- -ent
Related forms
recumbency, recumbence, noun
recumbently, adverb
unrecumbent, adjective
unrecumbently, adverb
Synonyms
1. prone, supine; prostrate; inclined.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for recumbent

recumbent

/rɪˈkʌmbənt/
adjective
1.
lying down; reclining
2.
(of a part or organ) leaning or resting against another organ or the ground: a recumbent stem
3.
(of a fold in a rock formation) in which the axial plane is nearly horizontal
Derived Forms
recumbence, recumbency, noun
recumbently, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin recumbere to lie back, from re- + cumbere to lie
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for recumbent
adj.

1705, from Latin recumbentem (nominative recumbens), present participle of recumbere "recline, lie down, lie down again;" of things, "to fall, sink down, settle down," from re- "back" (see re-) + -cumbere "to lie down" (see succumb). Related: Recumbency (1640s). A verb, recumb, has been attempted in English occasionally since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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recumbent in Medicine

recumbent re·cum·bent (rĭ-kŭm'bənt)
adj.
Lying down, especially in a position of comfort; reclining.


re·cum'bence or re·cum'ben·cy n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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