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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

red sandalwood

noun
1.
See under sandalwood (def 3).
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40

sandalwood

[san-dl-woo d] /ˈsæn dlˌwʊd/
noun
1.
the fragrant heartwood of any of certain Asian trees of the genus Santalum, used for ornamental carving and burned as incense.
2.
any of these trees, especially S. album (white sandalwood) an evergreen of India, having ovate leaves and yellowish flowers that turn red.
3.
any of various related or similar trees or their woods, especially an East Indian tree, Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood) of the legume family, or its heavy dark-red wood that yields a dye.
Origin
1505-15; sandal2 + wood1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for red-sandalwood

sandalwood

/ˈsændəlˌwʊd/
noun
1.
any of several evergreen hemiparasitic trees of the genus Santalum, esp S. album (white sandalwood), of S Asia and Australia, having hard light-coloured heartwood: family Santalaceae
2.
the wood of any of these trees, which is used for carving, is burned as incense, and yields an aromatic oil used in perfumery
3.
any of various similar trees or their wood, esp Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood), a leguminous tree of SE Asia having dark red wood used as a dye
Word Origin
C14 sandal, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Late Greek sandanon, from Sanskrit candana sandalwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for red-sandalwood

sandalwood

n.

1510s, earlier sandell (c.1400), saundres (early 14c.), from Old French sandale, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Late Greek santalon, ultimately from Sanskrit čandana-m "the sandalwood tree," perhaps literally "wood for burning incense," related to candrah "shining, glowing," and cognate with Latin candere "to shine, glow" (see candle).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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4
4
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