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city, San Bernardino county, southern California, U.S. Located about 60 miles (100 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, it is situated in the southwestern corner of the San Bernardino Valley, surrounded by peaks more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) high. Deriving its name from the red soil of the region, it was founded in 1881 and developed as a citrus packing and distribution point. It is now part of the San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario residential-industrial complex, one of the fastest-growing areas of the greater Los Angeles metroplex. The city is the seat of the University of Redlands (1907). The San Bernardino Asistencia (a branch of Mission San Gabriel; 1819) has been restored. Other local attractions include San Bernardino County Museum (1952), a regional museum that administers several historic sites, and Kimberly Crest House and Gardens, a three-story chateau built in 1897 and 6 acres (2.4 hectares) of gardens. San Bernardino National Forest and several ski areas are nearby. Inc. 1888. Pop. (1990) 60,394; (2000) 63,591.