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redundant

[ri-duhn-duh nt] /rɪˈdʌn dənt/
adjective
1.
characterized by verbosity or unnecessary repetition in expressing ideas; prolix:
a redundant style.
2.
being in excess; exceeding what is usual or natural:
a redundant part.
3.
having some unusual or extra part or feature.
4.
characterized by superabundance or superfluity:
lush, redundant vegetation.
5.
Engineering.
  1. (of a structural member) not necessary for resisting statically determined stresses.
  2. (of a structure) having members designed to resist other than statically determined stresses; hyperstatic.
  3. noting a complete truss having additional members for resisting eccentric loads.
    Compare complete (def 8), incomplete (def 3).
  4. (of a device, circuit, computer system, etc.) having excess or duplicate parts that can continue to perform in the event of malfunction of some of the parts.
6.
Linguistics. characterized by redundancy; predictable.
7.
Computers. containing more bits or characters than are required, as a parity bit inserted for checking purposes.
8.
Chiefly British. removed or laid off from a job.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Latin redundant- (stem of redundāns), present participle of redundāre to flow back, overflow, be excessive. See redound, -ant
Related forms
redundantly, adverb
Synonyms
1. verbose, repetitive. See wordy. 2. excessive; useless; superfluous, tautologous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for redundant
  • Hence it is as common a thing to hear our orators condemned for being too jejune and feeble as too excessive and redundant.
  • Nearly half a million others, it turns out, are redundant.
  • Modern jet airplanes are designed with highly redundant systems, which make accidents highly improbable.
  • It's strange to see the infrastructure become redundant and halted.
  • It is oversized to handle failures in redundant paths in the grid to prevent outages.
  • It's all redundant and mostly enviro wacko twisted facts that amount to nothing more than a way to create and increase taxes.
  • So my time is far more precious than to spend it trying to refute junk economics, which is a redundant term in and of itself.
  • But the more narrowly these laws are drafted, the more redundant they may be.
  • So the only problem with your phrase is that maybe mosquitoes and vermin is redundant.
  • There's no use cluttering up the world with redundant examples.
British Dictionary definitions for redundant

redundant

/rɪˈdʌndənt/
adjective
1.
surplus to requirements; unnecessary or superfluous
2.
verbose or tautological
3.
deprived of one's job because it is no longer necessary for efficient operation he has been made redundant
4.
(of components, information, etc) duplicated or added as a precaution against failure, error, etc
Derived Forms
redundantly, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin redundans overflowing, from redundāre to run back, stream over; see redound
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for redundant
adj.

1590s, from Latin redundantem (nominative redundans), present participle of redundare, literally "overflow, pour over; be over-full;" figuratively "be in excess," from re- "again" (see re-) + undare "rise in waves," from unda "a wave" (see water (n.1)). Of persons, in employment situations, from 1928, chiefly British. Related: Redundantly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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