verb (used with object), refuted, refuting.
to prove to be false or erroneous, as an opinion or charge.
to prove (a person) to be in error.

1505–15; < Latin refūtāre to check, suppress, refute, rebut, equivalent to re- re- + -fūtāre presumably, “to beat” (attested only with the prefixes con- and re-; cf. confute)

refutable [ri-fyoo-tuh-buhl, ref-yuh-tuh-] , adjective
refutability, noun
refutably, adverb
refuter, noun
self-refuted, adjective
self-refuting, adjective
unrefutable, adjective
unrefutably, adverb
unrefuted, adjective
unrefuting, adjective

1. deny, disapprove, disprove, rebut, refute (see synonym study at deny) ; 2. disapprove, disprove, rebut, refute ; 3. dispute, refute ; 4. repudiate, refute, refudiate (see word story at refudiate).

1. disprove, rebut. 1, 2. confute. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
refute (rɪˈfjuːt)
1.  (tr) to prove (a statement, theory, charge, etc) of (a person) to be false or incorrect; disprove
2.  to deny (a claim, charge, allegation, etc)
[C16: from Latin refūtāre to rebut]
usage  The use of refute to mean deny is thought by many people to be incorrect

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1513, "refuse, reject," from L. refutare "drive back, repress, repel, rebut," from re- "back" + -futare "to beat," probably from PIE base *bhat- "to strike down" (cf. beat). Meaning "prove wrong" dates from 1545. Since c.1964 linguists have frowned on the subtle shift in meaning towards "to deny," as
it is used in connection with allegation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Most refute the texts and offer ample evidence of their fraudulent nature.
It's good when someone else adds their two cents to refute an untruth.
The request for quantifiable data is reasonable: it helps to objectively verify
  or refute the opinion you quoted.
Yes, certainly, the surest way to refute an argument is by calling the other
  side names.
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