a person who exercises the ruling power in a kingdom during the minority, absence, or disability of the sovereign.
a ruler or governor.
a member of the governing board of a state university or a state educational system.
a university officer who exercises general supervision over the conduct and welfare of the students.
(in certain Catholic universities) a member of the religious order who is associated in the administration of a school or college with a layperson who is its dean or director.
acting as regent of a country; exercising ruling authority in behalf of a sovereign during his or her minority, absence, or disability (usually used postpositively): a prince regent.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin regent- (stem of regēns), present participle of regere to rule

regental, adjective
regentship, noun
subregent, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
regent (ˈriːdʒənt)
1.  the ruler or administrator of a country during the minority, absence, or incapacity of its monarch
2.  (formerly) a senior teacher or administrator in any of certain universities
3.  (US), (Canadian) a member of the governing board of certain schools and colleges
4.  rare any person who governs or rules
5.  (usually postpositive) acting or functioning as a regent: a queen regent
6.  rare governing, ruling, or controlling
[C14: from Latin regēns ruling, from regere to rule]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., from adj. (late 14c.), from O.Fr. regent, from M.L. regentem (nom. regens), from L. regens "ruler, governor," also prp. of regere "to rule, direct" (see regal). Senses of "university faculty member" is attested from 1520s, originally Scottish.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She was the undisputed queen of the genre, the regent before whom all other pretenders must bow.
The prince regent proposed combining the two ideas, but the government refused.
Regent sometimes creates special limited-time offers, such as two-for-one cruise fare, free air or discounts.
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