a connection, association, or involvement.
connection between persons by blood or marriage.
an emotional or other connection between people: the relationship between teachers and students.
a sexual involvement; affair.

1735–45; relation + -ship

prerelationship, noun

1. dependence, alliance, kinship. 2. affinity, consanguinity. Relationship, kinship refer to connection with others by blood or by marriage. Relationship can be applied to connection either by birth or by marriage: relationship to a ruling family. Kinship generally denotes common descent and implies a more intimate connection than relationship: the ties and obligations of kinship. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
relationship (rɪˈleɪʃənʃɪp)
1.  the state of being connected or related
2.  association by blood or marriage; kinship
3.  the mutual dealings, connections, or feelings that exist between two parties, countries, people, etc: a business relationship
4.  an emotional or sexual affair or liaison
5.  logic, maths another name for relation

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1744, "sense of being related," from relation + -ship. Specifically of romantic or sexual relationships by 1944.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

relationship re·la·tion·ship (rĭ-lā'shən-shĭp')

  1. The condition or fact of being related; connection or association.

  2. Connection by blood or marriage; kinship.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Typically, they're in a committed relationship, but they aren't perfectly happy.
The two tech giants had a long and complicated relationship.
But for a relationship to endure, it must be based on something more than
  superficial attraction.
If people don't spend time with nature, they won't develop a relationship with
  it and be good stewards of it in the future.
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