relieve

[ri-leev]
verb (used with object), relieved, relieving.
1.
to ease or alleviate (pain, distress, anxiety, need, etc.).
2.
to free from anxiety, fear, pain, etc.
3.
to free from need, poverty, etc.
4.
to bring effective aid to (a besieged town, military position, etc.).
5.
to ease (a person) of any burden, wrong, or oppression, as by legal means.
6.
to reduce (a pressure, load, weight, etc., on a device or object under stress): to relieve the steam pressure; to relieve the stress on the supporting walls.
7.
to make less tedious, unpleasant, or monotonous; break or vary the sameness of: curtains to relieve the drabness of the room.
8.
to bring into relief or prominence; heighten the effect of.
9.
to release (one on duty) by coming as or providing a substitute or replacement.
10.
Machinery.
a.
to free (a closed space, as a tank, boiler, etc.) of more than a desirable pressure or vacuum.
b.
to reduce (the pressure or vacuum in such a space) to a desirable level.
11.
Baseball. to replace (a pitcher).
verb (used without object), relieved, relieving.
12.
Baseball. to act as a relief pitcher: He relieved in 52 games for the Pirates last season.
Idioms
13.
to relieve oneself, to urinate or defecate.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English releven < Middle French relever to raise < Latin relevāre to reduce the load of, lighten, equivalent to re- re- + levāre to raise, derivative of levis light in weight

relievable, adjective
relievedly [ri-lee-vid-lee] , adverb
nonrelieving, adjective
quasi-relieved, adjective
unrelievable, adjective
unrelieved, adjective
unrelievedly, adverb
unrelieving, adjective


1. mitigate, assuage, allay, lighten, lessen, abate, diminish. See comfort. 1-4. aid, help, assist. 3. support, sustain. 4. succor.


1. intensify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
relieve (rɪˈliːv)
 
vb
1.  to bring alleviation of (pain, distress, etc) to (someone)
2.  to bring aid or assistance to (someone in need, a disaster area, etc)
3.  to take over the duties or watch of (someone)
4.  to bring aid or a relieving force to (a besieged town, city, etc)
5.  to free (someone) from an obligation
6.  to make (something) less unpleasant, arduous, or monotonous
7.  to bring into relief or prominence, as by contrast
8.  informal (foll by of) to take from: the thief relieved him of his watch
9.  relieve oneself to urinate or defecate
 
[C14: from Old French relever, from Latin relevāre to lift up, relieve, from re- + levāre to lighten]
 
re'lievable
 
adj

relieved (rɪˈliːvd)
 
adj
1.  (postpositive; often foll by at, about, etc) experiencing relief, esp from worry or anxiety
2.  mechanical engineering having part of the surface cut away to avoid friction or wear

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

relieve
c.1300, from O.Fr. relever "to raise, relieve" (11c.), from L. relevare "to raise, alleviate," from re-, intensive prefix, + levare "to lift up, lighten," from levis "not heavy" (see lever). The notion is "to raise (someone) out of trouble." Reliever in the baseball pitcher
sense is recorded from 1967. Related: relieved.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

relieve re·lieve (rĭ-lēv')
v. re·lieved, re·liev·ing, re·lieves

  1. To cause a lessening or alleviation of something, such as pain, tension, or a symptom.

  2. To free an individual from pain, anxiety, or distress.


re·liev'a·ble adj.
re·liev'er n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
If those currently responsible for maintaining it cannot work together they
  must be relieved of this responsibility.
By this time, they had been relieved of almost all their possessions: books,
  clothes and money.
Relieved at the change of mood, the audience applauded.
Their fiery halos relieved the green monotone that by late summer ruled the
  garden.
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