remainder

[ri-meyn-der]
noun
1.
something that remains or is left: the remainder of the day.
2.
a remaining part.
3.
Arithmetic.
a.
the quantity that remains after subtraction.
b.
the portion of the dividend that is not evenly divisible by the divisor.
4.
Mathematics. the difference between a function or a number and an approximation to it.
5.
Law. a future interest so created as to take effect at the end of another estate, as when property is conveyed to one person for life and then to another.
6.
remainders, Philately. the quantities of stamps on hand after they have been demonetized or otherwise voided for postal use.
7.
a copy of a book remaining in the publisher's stock when its sale has practically ceased, frequently sold at a reduced price.
adjective
8.
remaining; leftover.
verb (used with object)
9.
to dispose of or sell as a remainder.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, noun use of Middle French remaindre to remain


1. residuum, remnant, excess, rest, overage. 2. Remainder, balance, residue, surplus refer to a portion left over. Remainder is the general word (the remainder of one's life ); it may refer in particular to the mathematical process of subtraction: 7 minus 5 leaves a remainder of 2. Balance originally a bookkeeper's term referring to the amount of money left to one's account (a bank balance ), is often used as a synonym for remainder : the balance of the day. Residue is used particularly to designate what remains as the result of a process; this is usually a chemical process, but the word may also refer to a legal process concerning inheritance: a residue of ash left from burning leaves. Surplus suggests that what remains is in excess of what was needed: a surplus of goods.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
remainder (rɪˈmeɪndə)
 
n
1.  a part or portion that is left, as after use, subtraction, expenditure, the passage of time, etc: the remainder of the milk; the remainder of the day
2.  maths
 a.  the amount left over when one quantity cannot be exactly divided by another: for 10 ÷ 3, the remainder is 1
 b.  another name for difference
3.  property law a future interest in property; an interest in a particular estate that will pass to one at some future date, as on the death of the current possessor
4.  a number of copies of a book left unsold when demand slows or ceases, which are sold at a reduced price by the publisher
 
vb
5.  (tr) to sell (copies of a book) as a remainder
 
[C15: from Anglo-French, from Old French remaindre (infinitive used as noun), variant of remanoir; see remain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
remainder   (rĭ-mān'dər)  Pronunciation Key 
In division, the difference between the dividend and the product of the quotient and divisor. Dividing 14 by 3 gives 4 and a remainder of 2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

remainder

in Anglo-American law, a future interest held by one person in the property of another, which, upon the happening of a certain event, will become his own. The holder of this interest is known in legal terms as a remainderman.

Learn more about remainder with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Discovery of long-lost poems saves an ancient author from history's remainder
  table.
The remainder of the day is spent reviewing materials for the trip and packing
  our duffles.
The remainder seems to be emitted when the cows belch during rumination.
As much oil as possible was drawn from the tank and the remainder burned.
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