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[reen-l] /ˈrin l/
of or relating to the kidneys or the surrounding regions.
Origin of renal
1650-60; < Late Latin rēnālis, equivalent to Latin rēn(ēs) kidneys (plural) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
interrenal, adjective
postrenal, adjective
prerenal, adjective
superrenal, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for renal
  • There are the physiologic complications, such as renal dysfunction.
  • Scientists have discovered a key protein in the renal tubes of these mosquitoes that helps with the necessary excretion.
  • Somehow the heat had welded them together into a gray, suppurating renal brick.
  • Last summer, he suffered severe renal failure and nearly died.
  • It is continuous above through the ureters with the lining membrane of the renal tubules, and below with that of the urethra.
  • renal hypertension caused by this condition may be difficult to treat.
  • Tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter are usually transitional cell cancers.
  • In some cases, chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease may develop.
  • People who have renal disorders should have their calcium and phosphorus levels monitored regularly.
  • The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent or delay chronic renal failure.
British Dictionary definitions for renal


of, relating to, resembling, or situated near the kidney
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Late Latin rēnālis, from Latin rēnēs kidneys, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for renal

1650s, from French rénal and directly from Late Latin renalis "of or belonging to kidneys," from Latin ren (plural renes) "kidneys."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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renal in Medicine

renal re·nal (rē'nəl)
Of or in the region of the kidneys.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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renal in Science
Relating to or involving the kidneys.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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renal in Culture
renal [(reen-l)]

A descriptive term for the kidneys.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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