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[ri-plen-ish] /rɪˈplɛn ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
to make full or complete again, as by supplying what is lacking, used up, etc.:
to replenish one's stock of food.
to supply (a fire, stove, etc.) with fresh fuel.
to fill again or anew.
Origin of replenish
1300-50; Middle English replenisshen < Middle French repleniss-, long stem of replenir to fill, Old French, equivalent to re- re- + plenir to fill (derivative of plein < Latin plēnus full1)
Related forms
replenisher, noun
replenishment, noun
unreplenished, adjective
well-replenished, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for replenish
  • Second, the continuation of management's intent to replenish the heart of its organization, the farm systems.
  • Green, natural settings help to restore our focus and replenish our cognitive capacity.
  • Some say the attackers are apolitical arms smugglers, seeking to settle scores and replenish their stocks.
  • Mining phosphorus for fertilizer is consuming the mineral faster than geologic cycles can replenish it.
  • Add controlled-release fertilizer to the mix at planting time and replenish it yearly.
  • So they are constantly seeking ways to replenish it.
  • Flush that stuff right out of my system and them replenish my body with great amounts of fresh fruits and veggies.
  • The bank goes cap in hand to rich countries and tries to replenish its coffers.
  • Unlike fossil fuels derived from crude oil, biofuels are organic sources of energy that replenish naturally and quickly.
  • Researchers have identified stem cells in brain cancer tumors that replenish the tumors and keep them growing.
British Dictionary definitions for replenish


verb (transitive)
to make full or complete again by supplying what has been used up or is lacking
to put fresh fuel on (a fire)
Derived Forms
replenisher, noun
replenishment, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French replenir, from re- + plenir to fill, from Latin plēnus full
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for replenish

mid-14c., from Old French repleniss-, extended present participle stem of replenir "to fill up," from re-, here probably an intensive prefix, + -plenir, from Latin plenus "full" (see plenary). Related: Replanished; replenishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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