9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ree-pres] /ˈriˈprɛs/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
to press again or anew.
Origin of re-press
1870-75; re- + press1


[ri-pres] /rɪˈprɛs/
verb (used with object)
to keep under control, check, or suppress (desires, feelings, actions, tears, etc.).
to keep down or suppress (anything objectionable).
to put down or quell (sedition, disorder, etc.).
to reduce (persons) to subjection.
Psychoanalysis. to reject (painful or disagreeable ideas, memories, feelings, or impulses) from the conscious mind.
verb (used without object)
to initiate or undergo repression.
1325-75; Middle English repressen < Latin repressus (past participle of reprimere), equivalent to re- re- + pressus, past participle of primere to press1
Related forms
repressible, adjective
nonrepressible, adjective
nonrepressibleness, noun
nonrepressibly, adverb
overrepress, verb (used with object)
unrepressible, adjective
Can be confused
oppress, repress (see synonym study at oppress)
1. bridle, control. See check1 . 3. subdue, quash. 4. crush.
1–4. foster. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for repress
  • My inability to repress my tongue may be another problem.
  • They see the images they otherwise would forget, the scenes they otherwise would repress.
  • The first obstacle are genes that prevent nerve growth and the second are chemical signals that repress nerve growth.
  • In some cases, this microscopic combat works in our favour, when harmless species repress the growth of deadlier ones.
  • Sometimes one represses the cognitive component of it, but it's often more difficult to repress the emotional component.
  • Such genes, stimulated or deactivated, can produce or repress proteins that alter both the shape and the behavior of each cell.
  • But this grammatical exuberance the scheme of my work did not allow me to repress.
  • It was a painful sight which recalled to her mind a reproach and this caused her to repress another series of thoughts.
  • It can increase the expression of the genes that enhance cell division and inhibit the ones that repress it.
  • By drawing attention to them the militants become accessories to the blasphemies they ostensibly seek to repress.
British Dictionary definitions for repress


verb (transitive)
to keep (feelings, etc) under control; suppress or restrain: to repress a desire
to put into a state of subjugation: to repress a people
(psychoanal) to banish (thoughts and impulses that conflict with conventional standards of conduct) from one's conscious mind
Derived Forms
represser, noun
repressible, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin reprimere to press back, from re- + premere to press1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for repress

late 14c., "to check, restrain," from Latin repressus, past participle of reprimere "hold back, curb," figuratively "check, confine, restrain, refrain," from re- "back" (see re-) + premere "to push" (see press (v.1)).

Used of feelings or desires from late 14c.; in the purely psychological sense, it represents German verdrängen (Freud, 1893), first attested 1904 (implied in repressed). Meaning "to put down" (a rebellion, etc.) is from late 15c. Related: Repressed; repressing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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repress in Medicine

repress re·press (rĭ-prěs')
v. re·pressed, re·press·ing, re·press·es

  1. To hold back by an act of volition.

  2. To exclude something from the conscious mind.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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