residual stress

noun Metallurgy.
a stress in a metal, on a microscopic scale and resulting from nonuniform thermal changes, plastic deformation, or other causes aside from temporary external forces or applications of heat.

Origin:
1930–35

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
Experimental validations and verifications of the contour method for measuring
  residual stress.
Residual stress measurements in a case hardened steel ring.
Contour map of the residual stress in the direction of the length of the coiled
  bar stock, plotted on the bar stock cross-section.
The lowest temperature that might affect this stability is the residual stress
  annealing temperature.
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