[ri-zil-yuhns, -zil-ee-uhns]
the power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched; elasticity.
ability to recover readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyancy.
Also, resiliency.

1620–30; < Latin resili(ēns), present participle of resilīre to spring back, rebound (see resilient) + -ence

nonresilience, noun
nonresiliency, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
resilience (rɪˈzɪlɪəns)
1.  Also: resiliency the state or quality of being resilient
2.  ecology the ability of an ecosystem to return to its original state after being disturbed
3.  physics the amount of potential energy stored in an elastic material when deformed

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1620s, from L. resiliens, prp. of resilire "to rebound, recoil," from re- "back" + salire "to jump, leap" (see salient). Cf. result.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Visitors meet people who lived courageous lives and left a legacy of resilience
  and determination.
Over the past two years, we've seen extraordinary resilience in higher
  education at the individual level to the funding crisis.
Resilience is an underestimated aspect of the process.
Although the silicone shell surface offers some protective resilience, it
  didn't convince me enough to continue using it.
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