[ri-zil-yuhns, -zil-ee-uhns]
the power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched; elasticity.
ability to recover readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyancy.
Also, resiliency.

1620–30; < Latin resili(ēns), present participle of resilīre to spring back, rebound (see resilient) + -ence

nonresilience, noun
nonresiliency, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
resilience (rɪˈzɪlɪəns)
1.  Also: resiliency the state or quality of being resilient
2.  ecology the ability of an ecosystem to return to its original state after being disturbed
3.  physics the amount of potential energy stored in an elastic material when deformed

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1620s, from L. resiliens, prp. of resilire "to rebound, recoil," from re- "back" + salire "to jump, leap" (see salient). Cf. result.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
For years we've given affirmative action to affluent white students in the area
  of resiliency.
Odd as this may sound, it all attests to the resiliency of virtual private
  servers rather than underscore any fundamental flaws.
And individual firms, he added, have shown great resiliency following previous
The crisis highlights the team of operators and the resiliency of the machines
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