verb (used without object)
to reply or answer in words: to respond briefly to a question.
to make a return by some action as if in answer: to respond generously to a charity drive.
to react favorably.
Physiology. to exhibit some action or effect as if in answer; react: Nerves respond to a stimulus.
to correspond (usually followed by to ).
Bridge. to make a response.
verb (used with object)
to say in answer; reply.
Architecture. a half pier, pilaster, or the like projecting from a wall as a support for a lintel or an arch, the other side of which is supported on a free-standing pier or column.
a short anthem chanted at intervals during the reading of a lection.

1350–1400; (noun) Middle English: responsory < Old French, derivative of respondre to respond < Latin respondēre to promise in return, reply, answer, equivalent to re- re- + spondēre to pledge, promise (see sponsor); (v.) < Latin respondēre

overrespond, verb
unresponding, adjective

1. rejoin. 2. rise, react, reply. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
respond (rɪˈspɒnd)
vb (foll by to)
1.  to state or utter (something) in reply
2.  (intr) to act in reply; react: to respond by issuing an invitation
3.  to react favourably: this patient will respond to treatment
4.  an archaic word for correspond
5.  architect a pilaster or an engaged column that supports an arch or a lintel
6.  Christianity a choral anthem chanted in response to a lesson read at a church service
[C14: from Old French respondre, from Latin rēspondēre to return like for like, from re- + spondēre to pledge; see spouse, sponsor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, respound, from O.Fr. respondere "respond, correspond," from L. respondere "respond, answer to, promise in return," from re- "back" + spondere "to pledge" (see spondee). Modern spelling and pronunciation is from c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


plainchant melody and text originally sung responsorially-i.e., by alternating choir and soloist or soloists. Responsorial singing of the psalms was adopted into early Christian worship from Jewish liturgical practice. Most frequently the congregation sang a short refrain, such as Amen or Alleluia, between psalm verses sung by a cantor. As medieval plainchant developed, more elaborate refrains (R) were sung by a choir alternating with soloists singing psalm verses (V), producing a musical form R V1 R V2R. The responsory, or refrain, was frequently abbreviated on its repetition. Its text usually related to the meaning of the feast day or the content of the psalm. Only a few such chants survive in this long form, which is now normally curtailed.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Your third option is to examine the intent behind the question and respond with an answer as it might apply to the job.
If students say they wanted to respond with kindness but in the end did not,
  ask what stopped them.
Dogs respond well when they are trained to help people with disabilities.
He strives to understand how cells respond to infection to learn how to better
  fight disease.
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