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retract2

[ri-trakt] /rɪˈtrækt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to withdraw (a statement, opinion, etc.) as inaccurate or unjustified, especially formally or explicitly; take back.
2.
to withdraw or revoke (a decree, promise, etc.).
verb (used without object)
3.
to draw or shrink back.
4.
to withdraw a promise, vow, etc.
5.
to make a disavowal of a statement, opinion, etc.; recant.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin retractāre to reconsider, withdraw, equivalent to re- re- + tractāre to drag, pull, take in hand (frequentative of trahere to pull)
Related forms
retractable, retractible, adjective
retractability, retractibility, noun
retractation
[ree-trak-tey-shuh n] /ˌri trækˈteɪ ʃən/ (Show IPA),
noun
unretractable, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. deny, renounce, recant, abrogate, nullify, annul.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for retractation

retract

/rɪˈtrækt/
verb
1.
(transitive) to draw in (a part or appendage): a snail can retract its horns, to retract the landing gear of an aircraft
2.
to withdraw (a statement, opinion, charge, etc) as invalid or unjustified
3.
to go back on (a promise or agreement)
4.
(intransitive) to shrink back, as in fear
5.
(phonetics) to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue back away from the lips
Derived Forms
retractable, retractible, adjective
retractability, retractibility, noun
retractation (ˌriːtrækˈteɪʃən) noun
retractive, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin retractāre to withdraw, from tractāre to pull, from trahere to drag
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for retractation

retract

v.

early 15c., "to draw (something) back," from Old French retracter (14c.) and directly from Latin retractus, past participle of retrahere "to draw back" (see retraction). Sense of "to revoke, recant, take back" is attested from 1540s, probably a back-formation from retraction. Related: Retracted; retracting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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