retroflex

retroflex

[re-truh-fleks]
adjective
1.
bent backward; exhibiting retroflexion.
2.
Phonetics. articulated with the tip of the tongue curled upward and back against or near the juncture of the hard and soft palates; cacuminal; cerebral; coronal.
Also, retroflexed [re-truh-flekst] .


Origin:
1910–15; < Latin retrōflexus (past participle of retrōflectere to bend back). See retro-, flex1

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World English Dictionary
retroflex or retroflexed (ˈrɛtrəʊˌflɛks)
 
adj
1.  bent or curved backwards
2.  phonetics of, relating to, or involving retroflexion
 
[C18: from Latin retrōflexus, from retrōflectere, from retro- + flectere to bend]
 
retroflexed or retroflexed
 
adj
 
[C18: from Latin retrōflexus, from retrōflectere, from retro- + flectere to bend]

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Encyclopedia

retroflex

in phonetics, a consonant sound produced with the tip of the tongue curled back toward the hard palate. In Russian the sounds sh, zh (like the English s sound in "pleasure"), and shch are retroflex; there are also many retroflex consonants in the languages of India.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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