1540-50; (v.) < Middle Frenchrevolter < Italianrivoltare to turn around < Vulgar Latin*revolvitāre, frequentative of Latinrevolvere to roll back, unroll, revolve; (noun) < Frenchrévolte < Italianrivolta, derivative of rivoltare
1540s, from Middle French revolter (15c.), from Italian rivoltare "to overthrow, overturn," from Vulgar Latin *revolvitare "to overturn, overthrow," frequentative of Latin revolvere (past participle revolutus) "turn, roll back" (see revolve). Related: Revolted; revolting.
1550s, from Middle French révolte (c.1500), back formation from revolter (see revolt (v.)), or else from Italian rivolta.