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Land (state) situated in southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the states of North Rhine-Westphalia to the north, Hessen to the east, Baden-Wurttemberg to the southeast, and Saarland to the southwest and by France, Luxembourg, and Belgium to the south and west. Its southwestern portion was formerly part of the Rhenish Palatinate, hence the name Rhineland-Palatinate. Its capital is Mainz. Area 7,663 square miles (19,846 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 4,052,860.