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"In MedL. rithmus was used of accentual, as opposed to quantitative, verse, and, as accentual verse was usually rhymed, the word acquired the meaning which it has in all the Rom[anic]. and Teut[onic] langs." [Weekley]Persistence of older form is due to popular association with O.E. rim "number," from PIE base *re(i)- "to reason, count." The verb is first attested 1670s (of words), "to have the same end sound;" 1690s (of poets), "to make rhymes." Phrase rhyme or reason "good sense" (chiefly used in the negative) is from 1660s. Rhyme scheme is attested from 1931. Rhyme royal (1841) is a stanza of seven 10-syllable lines rhymed a-b-a-b-b-c-c.
A similarity of sound between words, such as moon, spoon, croon, tune, and June. Rhyme is often employed in verse.