a smooth expanse of ice for ice-skating, often artificially prepared and inside a building or arena.
a smooth floor, usually of wood, for roller-skating.
a building or enclosure for ice-skating or roller-skating; skating arena.
an area of ice marked off for the game of curling.
a section of a bowling green where a match can be played.
a set of players on one side in a lawn-bowling or curling match.

1325–75; Middle English (Scots) renk area for a battle, joust, or race, apparently < Middle French renc rank1

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World English Dictionary
rink (rɪŋk)
1.  an expanse of ice for skating on, esp one that is artificially prepared and under cover
2.  an area for roller skating on
3.  a building or enclosure for ice skating or roller skating
4.  bowls a strip of the green, usually about 5--7 metres wide, on which a game is played
5.  curling the strip of ice on which the game is played, usually 41 by 4 metres
6.  (in bowls and curling) the players on one side in a game
[C14 (Scots): from Old French renc row, rank1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., Scottish dialect, probably from O.Fr. renc, reng "row, line," from Frankish and ultimately connected with ring (n.). Probably confused in meaning with ring (n.) in sense of "area marked out for a sporting contest." Ice hockey sense first attested 1896.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She walks by a rink and sees the skaters, singly and in pairs, moving with
  surprising grace.
Among other fantasies, it had a ballroom with a rotating floor and an
  ice-skating rink, a rarity in the tropics.
Result resembled a combination roller-skating rink and adobe pizza parlor.
The game is unusual because it's outdoors, on a rink without boards.
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