[ri-zawr-juh-men-toh, -sawr-; Italian ree-zawr-jee-men-taw]
noun, plural Risorgimentos Italian, Risorgimenti [ree-zawr-jee-men-tee] , for 2.
the period of or the movement for the liberation and unification of Italy 1750–1870.
(lowercase) any period or instance of rebirth or renewed activity; resurgence: The company's risorgimento surprised Wall Street observers.

< Italian, equivalent to risorg(ere) to rise again (< Latin resurgere; see resurge) + -i- -i- + -mento -ment

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World English Dictionary
Risorgimento (rɪˌsɔːdʒɪˈmɛntəʊ)
the period of and the movement for the political unification of Italy in the 19th century
[Italian, from risorgere to rise again, from Latin resurgere, from re- + surgere to rise]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1889, "movement which led to the unification and independence of Italy," from It., lit. "uprising" (of Italy against Austria, c.1850-60), from risorgere, from L. resurgere (see resurgent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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