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rival

[rahy-vuh l] /ˈraɪ vəl/
noun
1.
a person who is competing for the same object or goal as another, or who tries to equal or outdo another; competitor.
2.
a person or thing that is in a position to dispute another's preeminence or superiority:
a stadium without a rival.
3.
Obsolete. a companion in duty.
adjective
4.
competing or standing in rivalry:
rival suitors; rival businesses.
verb (used with object), rivaled, rivaling or (especially British) rivalled, rivalling.
5.
to compete with in rivalry: strive to win from, equal, or outdo.
6.
to prove to be a worthy rival of:
He soon rivaled the others in skill.
7.
to equal (something) as if in carrying on a rivalry:
The Hudson rivals any European river in beauty.
verb (used without object), rivaled, rivaling or (especially British) rivalled, rivalling.
8.
to engage in rivalry; compete.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Latin rīvālis orig., one who uses a stream in common with another, equivalent to rīv(us) stream + -ālis -al1
Related forms
rivalless, adjective
nonrival, noun, adjective
outrival, verb (used with object), outrivaled, outrivaling or (especially British) outrivalled, outrivalling.
unrivaling, adjective
unrivalling, adjective
Synonyms
1. contestant, emulator, antagonist. See opponent. 4. competitive, opposed. 5. oppose. 7. match, emulate.
Antonyms
1. ally.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for rival
  • Two rival economists have dueled in scholarly journals and in the public eye.
  • Health insurance for seniors is rival and excludable.
  • Some songbird couples harmonize to warn rival couples away from their territories.
  • The turmoil led to the emergence of several rival sects, each one vying for dominance.
  • What's more, the speed at which a rival can come online is simply mind-boggling.
  • Theories surrounding tokamak construction and operation may not rival the big bang for philosophical discussion.
  • Although they often snap at vultures in the process, they rarely harm the rival scavengers.
  • True, the stag's primitive bellow is effective--smitten females approach while rival males look for cover.
  • Editors wince when a cover letter contains the name of a rival press in first paragraph.
  • Any shareholder wishing to propose an alternative slate of directors must bear the cost of distributing a rival proxy.
British Dictionary definitions for rival

rival

/ˈraɪvəl/
noun
1.
  1. a person, organization, team, etc, that competes with another for the same object or in the same field
  2. (as modifier) rival suitors, a rival company
2.
a person or thing that is considered the equal of another or others she is without rival in the field of economics
verb (transitive) -vals, -valling, -valled (US) -vals, -valing, -valed
3.
to be the equal or near equal of an empire that rivalled Rome
4.
to try to equal or surpass; compete with in rivalry
Word Origin
C16: from Latin rīvalis, literally: one who shares the same brook, from rīvus a brook
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rival
rival
1577, from L. rivalis "a rival," originally, "one who uses the same stream" (or "one on the opposite side of the stream"), from rivus "brook" (see rivulet). The notion is of the competitiveness of neighbors. The verb is first attested 1605.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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