any of several small Old World birds having a red or reddish breast, especially Erithacus rubecula, of Europe.
a large American thrush, Turdus migratorius, having a chestnut-red breast and abdomen.
any of several similar thrushes of the New World tropics, not necessarily having reddish underparts, as T. grayi (clay-colored robin) of Mexico and Central America.
Also called robin redbreast (for defs 1, 2).

1540–50; short for robin redbreast Unabridged


a male or female given name: derived from Robert. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
robin (ˈrɒbɪn)
1.  Also called: robin redbreast a small Old World songbird, Erithacus rubecula, related to the thrushes: family Muscicapidae. The male has a brown back, orange-red breast and face, and grey underparts
2.  a North American thrush, Turdus migratorius, similar to but larger than the Old World robin
3.  any of various similar birds having a reddish breast
[C16: arbitrary use of given name]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

common European songbird, 1540s, shortening of Robin Redbreast (c.1450), from O.Fr. Robin, personal name, dim. of Robert (q.v.). As a bird name, it ousted the native ruddock, which is related to red. In N.Amer., the name was applied to the red-breasted
thrush by 1703. Robin's egg as a shade of blue is attested from 1881. Robin Goodfellow "sportive elf of the English countryside," is first attested 1530s, popular 16-17c.; Robin Hood is at least from late 14c..
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is the pale blue half of a robin's egg left from the spring.
When the buzzer sounds, half of the singles move to another chair and a
  different partner, in a kind of round robin.
In fact, the virus may be why the once-growing robin population has leveled off.
If anything, since then the use of chemicals has become much more widespread
  and the robin still thrives.
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