robot

[roh-buht, -bot]
noun
1.
a machine that resembles a human and does mechanical, routine tasks on command.
2.
a person who acts and responds in a mechanical, routine manner, usually subject to another's will; automaton.
3.
any machine or mechanical device that operates automatically with humanlike skill.
adjective
4.
operating automatically: a robot train operating between airline terminals.

Origin:
< Czech, coined by Karel Čapek in the play R.U.R. (1920) from the base robot-, as in robota compulsory labor, robotník peasant owing such labor

robotism, noun
robotic, robotistic [roh-buh-tis-tik, -bo-] , adjective
robotlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
robot (ˈrəʊbɒt)
 
n
1.  any automated machine programmed to perform specific mechanical functions in the manner of a man
2.  (modifier) not controlled by man; automatic: a robot pilot
3.  a person who works or behaves like a machine; automaton
4.  (South African) a set of traffic lights
 
[C20: (used in R.U.R., a play by Karel Čapek) from Czech robota work; related to Old Slavonic rabota servitude, German Arbeit work]
 
ro'botic
 
adj
 
'robotism
 
n
 
'robotry
 
n
 
'robot-like
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

robot
1923, from Eng. translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech robotnik "slave," from robota "forced labor, drudgery," from robotiti "to work, drudge," from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic rabota "servitude," from rabu "slave"
(see orphan), from a Slavic stem related to Ger. Arbeit "work" (O.H.G. arabeit). According to Rawson the word was popularized by Karel Capek's play, "but was coined by his brother Josef (the two often collaborated), who used it initially in a short story." Robotics coined 1941 in a science fiction context by Isaac Asimov, who proposed the "Three Laws of Robotics" in 1968.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

robot ro·bot (rō'bət, -bŏt')
n.

  1. A mechanical device that sometimes resembles a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance.

  2. A machine or device that operates automatically or by remote control.

  3. A person who works mechanically without original thought, especially one who responds automatically to the commands of others.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
robot   (rō'bŏt')  Pronunciation Key 
A machine designed to replace human beings in performing a variety of tasks, either on command or by being programmed in advance.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

robot definition


1. A mechanical device for performing a task which might otherwise be done by a human, e.g. spraying paint on cars.
See also cybernetics.
2. An IRC or MUD user who is actually a program. On IRC, typically the robot provides some useful service. Examples are NickServ, which tries to prevent random users from adopting nicks already claimed by others, and MsgServ, which allows one to send asynchronous messages to be delivered when the recipient signs on. Also common are "annoybots", such as KissServ, which perform no useful function except to send cute messages to other people. Service robots are less common on MUDs; but some others, such as the "Julia" robot active in 1990--91, have been remarkably impressive Turing test experiments, able to pass as human for as long as ten or fifteen minutes of conversation.
3. spider.
[Jargon File]
(1996-03-23)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The floor-scrubbing robot has a logic of its own as it washes floors.
The robot is designed to snake through dark, narrow air conditioning ducts and
  spot obstacles along the way.
Robot dogs, for example, need only a change of batteries.
New models of robot vacuum cleaners are sure signs that the household robot
  field is finally taking off.
Images for robot
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