romaine

[roh-meyn, ruh-]
noun
Also called romaine lettuce, cos, cos lettuce. a variety of lettuce, Lactuca sativa longifolia, having a cylindrical head of long, relatively loose leaves.

Origin:
1905–10; < French, feminine of romain Roman

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World English Dictionary
romaine (rəʊˈmeɪn)
 
n
the usual US and Canadian name for cos
 
[C20: from French, from romain Roman]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

romaine
1907, from Fr. romaine (in laitue romaine, lit. "Roman lettuce"), from fem. of O.Fr. romain "Roman," from L. Romanus "Roman." Perhaps so called because of the lettuce's introduction into France (by Bureau de la Rivière, chamberlain of Charles V and VI) at the time of the Avignon papacy (1309-77).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Discard the tough outer leaves and trim the tough ends of the head of romaine.
At peak bloom now, it has foliage that reminds me of fat little romaine lettuce leaves.
Varieties grown include head lettuce, leaf lettuce, and romaine.
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