Romanesque

Romanesque

[roh-muh-nesk]
adjective
1.
noting or pertaining to the style of architecture prevailing in western or southern Europe from the 9th through the 12th centuries, characterized by heavy masonry construction with narrow openings, features such as the round arch, the groin vault, and the barrel vault, and the introduction or development of the vaulting rib, the vaulting shaft, and central and western towers for churches.
2.
pertaining to or designating the styles of sculpture, painting, or ornamentation of the corresponding period.
3.
(lowercase) of or pertaining to fanciful or extravagant literature, as romance or fable; fanciful.
noun
4.
the Romanesque style of art or architecture.

Origin:
1705–15; Roman + -esque; compare French romanesque romantic

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Romanesque (ˌrəʊməˈnɛsk)
 
adj
1.  See also Norman denoting, relating to, or having the style of architecture used in W and S Europe from the 9th to the 12th century, characterized by the rounded arch, the groin vault, massive-masonry wall construction, and a restrained use of mouldings
2.  denoting or relating to a corresponding style in painting, sculpture, etc
 
[C18: see Roman, -esque]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Romanesque
1715, originally "descended from Latin" (cf. romance), later "architectural style in Europe between Roman and Gothic periods" (1819), from Roman (q.v.), influenced by Fr. romanesque, from L.L. Romanice "in Vulgar Latin" (see romance).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Romanesque [(roh-muh-nesk)]

A style of architecture and art common in Europe between the ninth and twelfth centuries. It combined elements of the architecture typical of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. The arches on Romanesque buildings are usually semicircular rather than pointed as in Gothic architecture.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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