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roof

[roof, roo f] /ruf, rʊf/
noun, plural roofs.
1.
the external upper covering of a house or other building.
2.
a frame for supporting this:
an open-timbered roof.
3.
the highest part or summit:
The Himalayas are the roof of the world.
4.
something that in form or position resembles the roof of a house, as the top of a car, the upper part of the mouth, etc.
5.
a house.
6.
Mining. the rock immediately above a horizontal mineral deposit.
verb (used with object)
7.
to provide or cover with a roof.
Idioms
8.
go through the roof,
  1. to increase beyond all expectations:
    Foreign travel may very well go through the roof next year.
  2. Also, hit the roof. Informal. to lose one's temper; become extremely angry.
9.
raise the roof, Informal.
  1. to create a loud noise:
    The applause raised the roof.
  2. to complain or protest noisily:
    He'll raise the roof when he sees that bill.
Origin of roof
900
before 900; Middle English (noun); Old English hrōf; cognate with Dutch roef cover, cabin, Old Norse hrōf
Related forms
rooflike, adjective
reroof, verb (used with object)
self-roofed, adjective
underroof, noun
unroofed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for roofed
Historical Examples
  • It was a small oblong hut built of split slabs, and he had roofed it with shingles which he split in spare times.

  • I thought I could manage, roofed as it was, to get in by the open side.

    Wilfrid Cumbermede George MacDonald
  • The pen should be roofed with evergreen boughs, to protect the trap from the snow.

    Science of Trapping Elmer Harry Kreps
  • It is hardly necessary to add that the Greek theatres were not roofed.

    Architecture Thomas Roger Smith
  • The contemporary church at Canterbury, built by the primate Lanfranc, was roofed in this way.

  • This entrance-way is all roofed over, and the pillars and the ceiling are red and painted.

    The Soul of a People H. Fielding
  • With plaster and sticks for walls they are roofed by thatching of straw overhanging the walls and sloping up to a peak.

    Haiti J. Dryden Kuser
  • It is roofed with slates, and the lower floors and verandahs are paved with marble.

    Prisoners Their Own Warders J. F. A. McNair
  • At the foot of the Alhambra the Darro disappears, its channel through the town having been roofed over at different epochs.

    Southern Spain A.F. Calvert
  • We're warm and fed and roofed, and it's raining outside, and we needn't stir.

    Moor Fires E. H. (Emily Hilda) Young
British Dictionary definitions for roofed

roof

/ruːf/
noun (pl) roofs (ruːfs; ruːvz)
1.
  1. a structure that covers or forms the top of a building
  2. (in combination): the rooftop
  3. (as modifier): a roof garden
2.
the top covering of a vehicle, oven, or other structure: the roof of a car
3.
(anatomy) any structure that covers an organ or part: the roof of the mouth
4.
a highest or topmost point or part: Mount Everest is the roof of the world
5.
a house or other shelter: a poor man's roof
6.
(mountaineering) the underside of a projecting overhang
7.
(informal) hit the roof, go through the roof
  1. to get extremely angry; become furious
  2. to rise or increase steeply
8.
raise the roof
  1. to create a boisterous disturbance
  2. to react or protest heatedly
verb
9.
(transitive) to provide or cover with a roof or rooflike part
Derived Forms
roofer, noun
roofless, adjective
rooflike, adjective
Word Origin
Old English hrōf; related to Middle Dutch, Old Norse hrōf
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for roofed

roof

n.

Old English hrof "roof, ceiling, top, summit; heaven, sky," also figuratively, "highest point of something," from Proto-Germanic *khrofam (cf. Old Frisian rhoof "roof," Middle Dutch roof, rouf "cover, roof," Dutch roef "deckhouse, cabin, coffin-lid," Middle High German rof "penthouse," Old Norse hrof "boat shed").

No apparent connections outside Germanic. "English alone has retained the word in a general sense, for which the other languages use forms corresponding to OE. þæc thatch" [OED]. Roof of the mouth is from late Old English. Raise the roof "create an uproar" is attested from 1860, originally in U.S. Southern dialect.

v.

early 15c., from roof (n.). Related: Roofed; roofing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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roofed in Medicine

roof (rōōf, ruf)
n.
The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for roofed

roof

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with roofed

roof

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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10
10
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