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rue1

[roo] /ru/
verb (used with object), rued, ruing.
1.
to feel sorrow over; repent of; regret bitterly:
to rue the loss of opportunities.
2.
to wish that (something) had never been done, taken place, etc.:
I rue the day he was born.
verb (used without object), rued, ruing.
3.
to feel sorrow, repentance, or regret.
noun
4.
sorrow; repentance; regret.
5.
pity or compassion.
Origin
900
before 900; (v.) Middle English ruen, rewen, Old English hrēowan; cognate with Dutch rouwen, German reuen; (noun) Middle English rewe, reowe, Old English hrēow; cognate with Dutch rouw, German Reue; cf. ruth
Related forms
ruer, noun
unrued, adjective

rue2

[roo] /ru/
noun
1.
any strongly scented plant of the genus Ruta, especially R. graveolens, having yellow flowers and leaves formerly used in medicine.
Compare rue family.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English < Middle French < Latin rūta < Greek rhȳtḗ

Rue

[roo] /ru/
noun
1.
Warren de la, de la Rue, Warren.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for rue
  • rue the day when rule of law displaces good manners.
  • Many travelers have lived to rue the day that they booked a trip without first reading the fine print.
  • Each was asked to describe, in detail, one decision they came to rue.
British Dictionary definitions for rue

rue1

/ruː/
verb rues, ruing, rued
1.
to feel sorrow, remorse, or regret for (one's own wrongdoing, past events with unpleasant consequences, etc)
noun
2.
(archaic) sorrow, pity, or regret
Derived Forms
ruer, noun
Word Origin
Old English hrēowan; related to Old Saxon hreuwan, Old High German hriuwan

rue2

/ruː/
noun
1.
any rutaceous plant of the genus Ruta, esp R. graveolens, an aromatic Eurasian shrub with small yellow flowers and evergreen leaves which yield an acrid volatile oil, formerly used medicinally as a narcotic and stimulant Archaic name herb of grace Compare goat's-rue, meadow rue, wall rue
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Latin rūta, from Greek rhutē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rue
v.

"feel regret," Old English hreowan "make sorry, distress, grieve" (class II strong verb; past tense hreaw, past participle hrowen), from Proto-Germanic *khrewanan (cf. Old Frisian riowa, Middle Dutch rouwen, Old Dutch hrewan, German reuen "to sadden, cause repentance"); in part, blended with Old English weak verb hreowian "feel pain or sorrow," and perhaps influenced by Old Norse hryggja "make sad," both from Proto-Germanic *khruwjanan, all from PIE root *kreue- (2) "to push, strike" (see anacrusis). Related: Rued; ruing.

n.

perennial evergreen shrub, late 14c., from Old French rue (13c.), earlier rude, from Latin ruta "rue," probably from Greek rhyte, of uncertain etymology, originally a Peloponnesian word. The bitter taste of its leaves led to many punning allusions to rue (n.2.).

"sorrow, repentance," Old English hreow "grief, repentance, sorrow, regret, penitence," common Germanic (cf. Frisian rou, Middle Dutch rou, Dutch rouw, Old High German (h)riuwa, German reue), related to the root of rue (v.).

French for "street," from Vulgar Latin *ruga (cf. Old Italian ruga), properly "a furrow," then in Medieval Latin "a path, street" (see rough (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for rue

RUE

right upper extremity
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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rue in the Bible

a garden herb (Ruta graveolens) which the Pharisees were careful to tithe (Luke 11:42), neglecting weightier matters. It is omitted in the parallel passage of Matt. 23:23. There are several species growing wild in Palestine. It is used for medicinal and culinary purposes. It has a powerful scent, and is a stimulant. (See MINT.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for rue

any plant of the genus Ruta, of the family Rutaceae, comprising 40 species of perennial shrubs and herbs native to Eurasia and the Canary Islands. Common rue (R. graveolens) is cultivated as a small garden shrub for its evergreen leaves and dull-yellow flower clusters. The gland-studded, translucent leaves have been used for centuries as a spice and in medicines.

Learn more about rue with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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