rum

1 [ruhm]
noun
1.
an alcoholic liquor or spirit distilled from molasses or some other fermented sugar-cane product.
2.
alcoholic drink in general; intoxicating liquor: He warned against the demon rum.

Origin:
1645–55; perhaps short for obsolete rumbullion, rumbustion, of obscure origin

rumless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

rum

2 [ruhm]
adjective Chiefly British.
1.
odd, strange, or queer: a rum fellow.
2.
problematic; difficult.

Origin:
1765–75; earlier rome, room great, perhaps < Romany; see Rom

rum

3 [ruhm]
noun Cards.

Origin:
by shortening

Rum

[room]
noun
Arabic name of Rome, once used to designate the Byzantine Empire.

Rum.

2.
Romanian. Also, Rum.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
rum1 (rʌm)
 
n
spirit made from sugar cane, either coloured brownish-red by the addition of caramel or by maturation in oak containers, or left white
 
[C17: perhaps shortened from C16 rumbullion, of uncertain origin]

rum2 (rʌm)
 
adj , rummer, rummest
slang (Brit) strange; peculiar; odd
 
[C19: perhaps from Romany rom man]
 
'rumly2
 
adv
 
'rumness2
 
n

rum3 (rʌm)
 
n
short for rummy

rummy or rum1 (ˈrʌmɪ)
 
n
a card game based on collecting sets and sequences
 
[C20: perhaps from rum²]
 
rum or rum1
 
n
 
[C20: perhaps from rum²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rum
"liquor from sugar cane or molasses," 1654, originally rumbullion (1651), rombostion (1652), of uncertain origin, perhaps from rum (adj.).
"The chiefe fudling they make in the Island [i.e. Barbados] is Rumbullion alias Kill-Devill, and this is made of suggar cane distilled, a hott, hellish and terrible liquor." [1651]
The Eng. word was borrowed into Du., Ger., Sw., Dan., Sp., Port., It., Fr., and Rus. Used since 1800 in N.Amer. as a general (hostile) name for intoxicating liquors. Rum-runner "smuggler or transporter of illicit liquor" is from 1920.

rum
"excellent," 1567, from rome "fine" (1567), said to be from Romany rom "male, husband" (see Romany). A very common 16c. cant word, by 1774 it had come to mean "odd, strange, bad, spurious," perhaps because it had been so often used approvingly by rogues in ref. to one another.
This was the main sense after c.1800.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Rum.
  1. Rumania

  2. Rumanian

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for rum
Even then, the propensity of making rum out of sugarcane was strongly recognised.
Sugarcane was mainly cultivated for the production of arrack, a precursor to rum.
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