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run-down

[ruhn-doun] /ˈrʌnˈdaʊn/
adjective
1.
fatigued; weary; exhausted.
2.
in a state of poor health:
He was in a run-down condition from months of overwork.
3.
in neglected condition; fallen into disrepair:
a run-down house.
4.
(of a spring-operated device) not running because it is unwound.
Origin of run-down
1675-1685
1675-85; adj. use of verb phrase run down
Synonyms
3. seedy, tacky, shabby, deteriorated.

rundown

[ruhn-doun] /ˈrʌnˌdaʊn/
noun
1.
a quick review or summary of main points of information, usually oral:
This brief rundown of past events will bring you up to date.
2.
Baseball. a play in which a base runner is caught between bases by two or more players of the opposing team who toss the ball back and forth in an effort to tag the runner out.
3.
Commerce, runoff (def 4).
Origin
1905-10, Americanism; noun use of verb phrase run down
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for rundown
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But he was in a dreadfully exhausted and rundown condition—nearly starved indeed.

    The Angel Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
  • Greg drove from the rundown district faster than the law allowed.

    Cancer World Harry Warner
  • A northerner passing a rundown looking place in the South, stopped to chat with the farmer.

    Toaster's Handbook Peggy Edmund and Harold W. Williams, compilers
  • Between mouthfuls, the two older people gave him a rundown on the morning's mishaps.

    Make Mine Homogenized Rick Raphael
  • Then her glance swept him swiftly from bared head to rundown heel.

    Overland Red Henry Herbert Knibbs
Word Origin and History for rundown
n.

in baseball, 1908, from verbal phrase, from run (v.) + down (adv.). Meaning "list of entries in a horse race and the odds" is from 1935; slang generalized sense of "summary, account, list of information or facts" is from 1945.

run-down

adj.

1866, of persons, with reference to health, from verbal phrase, from run (v.) + down (adv.). From 1896 of places; 1894 of clocks. Earliest sense is "oppressed" (1680s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for rundown

rundown

noun

A summary or account: a brief rundown of what happened (1945+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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11
14
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