runup

[ruhn-uhp]
noun
1.
the testing of an airplane engine by accelerating the motor.
2.
an advance in prices, as in the stock market.
3.
Sports.
a.
the running up to the jump line by a broad jumper.
b.
the running up of the ball in soccer or polo toward the goal.
c.
the running up of a golf ball toward the putting green.

Origin:
1825–35; noun use of verb phrase run up

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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WordNet
runup

noun
a substantial increase over a relatively short period of time; "a runup in interest rates"; "market runups are followed by corrections" 
WordNet® 3.0, © 2006 by Princeton University.
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Example sentences
Changes in shoreline position and topography alter the extent of wave-runup and change coastal flood hazard areas.
The runup to this saw the first arcs of new series stickleback and kingdom.
In principle, the sticks show depth of flow plus velocity head or the runup of
  water above the water surface at the weir blade.
Wave runup occurs when a wave breaks and the water is propelled onto the beach,
  as in the picture below.
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