[sab-oh; French sa-boh]
noun, plural sabots [sab-ohz; French sa-boh] .
a shoe made of a single block of wood hollowed out, worn especially by farmers and workers in the Netherlands, France, Belgium, etc.
a shoe with a thick wooden sole and sides and a top of coarse leather.
a wooden or metal disk formerly attached to a projectile in a muzzleloading cannon.
a soft metal ring at the base of a projectile that makes the projectile conform to the rifling grooves of a gun.

1600–10; < French, Old French çabot, blend of savate old shoe (of uncertain origin; akin to Old Provençal sabata, Italian ciabatta, Spanish zapato) and bot boot

saboted [sa-bohd, sab-ohd] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sabot (ˈsæbəʊ, French sabo)
1.  a shoe made from a single block of wood
2.  a shoe with a wooden sole and a leather or cloth upper
3.  a lightweight sleeve in which a subcalibre round is enclosed in order to make it fit the rifling of a firearm. After firing the sabot drops away
4.  (Austral) a small sailing boat with a shortened bow
[C17: from French, probably from Old French savate an old shoe, also influenced by botboot1; related to Italian ciabatta old shoe, Old Provençal sabata]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica


heavy work shoe worn by European peasants, especially in France and the Low Countries. There are two kinds of sabots: one is shaped and hollowed from a single piece of wood (called klompen by the Dutch); the other is a heavy leather shoe with a wooden sole.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The sabot is necessary to transfer propellant energy but is a parasitic weight in terms of projectile target performance.
The shell is a sabot round, meaning that the penetrator is contained within a carrier as it is fired from the barrel.
The projectile never directly touches the barrel, and the sabot typically falls away after firing.
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