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[sad] /sæd/
adjective, sadder, saddest.
affected by unhappiness or grief; sorrowful or mournful:
to feel sad because a close friend has moved away.
expressive of or characterized by sorrow:
sad looks; a sad song.
causing sorrow:
a sad disappointment; sad news.
(of color) somber, dark, or dull; drab.
deplorably bad; sorry:
a sad attempt.
Obsolete. firm or steadfast.
Origin of sad
before 1000; Middle English; Old English sæd grave, heavy, weary, orig. sated, full; cognate with German satt, Gothic saths full, satisfied; akin to Latin satis enough, satur sated, Greek hádēn enough. See satiate, saturate
Related forms
sadly, adverb
sadness, noun
1. unhappy, despondent, disconsolate, discouraged, gloomy, downcast, downhearted, depressed, dejected, melancholy.
1. happy.


seasonal affective disorder.


[sahd] /sɑd/
the 14th letter of the Arabic alphabet.
< Arabic Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sad
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • She had told him, as she might have told any decent soul, her sad and romantic story.

    The Rough Road William John Locke
  • How sweet in the telling was the story of the ring, so sad in the experience!

    Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
  • Prince Andrew followed her with a courteous but sad expression.

    War and Peace Leo Tolstoy
  • Of my daily sad interviews with my wife I will say nothing here.

  • Had I not already been making a sad fool of myself by my ridiculous conduct?

    A Stable for Nightmares J. Sheridan Le Fanu
British Dictionary definitions for sad


adjective sadder, saddest
feeling sorrow; unhappy
causing, suggestive, or expressive of such feelings: a sad story
unfortunate; unsatisfactory; shabby; deplorable: her clothes were in a sad state
(Brit, informal) ludicrously contemptible; pathetic: he's a sad, boring little wimp
(of pastry, cakes, etc) not having risen fully; heavy
(of a colour) lacking brightness; dull or dark
(archaic) serious; grave
(NZ) to express sadness or displeasure strongly
Derived Forms
sadly, adverb
sadness, noun
Word Origin
Old English sæd weary; related to Old Norse sathr, Gothic saths, Latin satur, satis enough


seasonal affective disorder
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for sad's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014, LLC
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Word Origin and History for sad

Old English sæd "sated, full, having had one's fill (of food, drink, fighting, etc.), weary of," from Proto-Germanic *sathaz (cf. Old Norse saðr, Middle Dutch sat, Dutch zad, Old High German sat, German satt, Gothic saþs "satiated, sated, full"), from PIE *seto- (cf. Latin satis "enough, sufficient," Greek hadros "thick, bulky," Old Church Slavonic sytu, Lithuanian sotus "satiated," Old Irish saith "satiety," sathach "sated"), from root *sa- "to satisfy" (cf. Sanskrit a-sinvan "insatiable").

Sense development passed through the meaning "heavy, ponderous" (i.e. "full" mentally or physically), and "weary, tired of" before emerging c.1300 as "unhappy." An alternative course would be through the common Middle English sense of "steadfast, firmly established, fixed" (e.g. sad-ware "tough pewter vessels") and "serious" to "grave." In the main modern sense, it replaced Old English unrot, negative of rot "cheerful, glad."

Meaning "very bad" is from 1690s. Slang sense of "inferior, pathetic" is from 1899; sad sack is 1920s, popularized by World War II armed forces (specifically by cartoon character invented by Sgt. George Baker, 1942, and published in U.S. Armed Forces magazine "Yank"), probably a euphemistic shortening of common military slang phrase sad sack of shit.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sad in Medicine

SAD abbr.
seasonal affective disorder

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for sad



Inferior; botched or bungled; crummy: It's a sad dump/ What a sad-ass town (first form 1899+, second 1971+ third 1974+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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sad in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Related Abbreviations for sad


seasonal affective disorder
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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