|the former name (until 1976) of Ho Chi Minh City|
|a former republic (1955--76) occupying the S of present-day Vietnam on the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand|
City in southern Vietnam; capital of South Vietnam from 1954 to 1975.
Note: A commercial, industrial, and transportation hub of Southeast Asia, Saigon enjoyed rapid growth and cultural prestige as the capital of French Indochina.
Note: American and South Vietnamese forces were headquartered in Saigon during the Vietnam War.
Note: Renamed Ho Chi Minh City by the victorious Vietnamese communists in 1976.