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sail

[seyl] /seɪl/
noun
1.
an area of canvas or other fabric extended to the wind in such a way as to transmit the force of the wind to an assemblage of spars and rigging mounted firmly on a hull, raft, iceboat, etc., so as to drive it along.
2.
some similar piece or apparatus, as the part of an arm that catches the wind on a windmill.
3.
a voyage or excursion, especially in a sailing vessel:
They went for a sail around the island.
4.
a sailing vessel or ship.
5.
sailing vessels collectively:
The fleet numbered 30 sail.
6.
sails for a vessel or vessels collectively.
7.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Vela.
verb (used without object)
8.
to move along or travel over water:
steamships sailing to Lisbon.
9.
to manage a sailboat, especially for sport.
10.
to begin a journey by water:
We are sailing at dawn.
11.
to move along in a manner suggestive of a sailing vessel:
caravans sailing along.
12.
to move along in a stately, effortless way:
to sail into a room.
verb (used with object)
13.
to sail upon, over, or through:
to sail the seven seas.
14.
to navigate (a vessel).
Verb phrases
15.
sail in/into, Informal.
  1. to go vigorously into action; begin to act; attack.
  2. to attack verbally:
    He would sail into his staff when work was going badly.
Idioms
16.
in sail, with the sails set.
17.
make sail, Nautical.
  1. to set the sail or sails of a boat or increase the amount of sail already set.
  2. to set out on a voyage:
    Make sail for the Leeward Islands.
18.
set sail, to start a sea voyage:
We set sail at midnight for Nantucket.
19.
trim one's sails, Informal. to cut expenses; economize:
We're going to have to trim our sails if we stay in business.
20.
under sail, with sails set; in motion; sailing:
It was good to be under sail in the brisk wind and under the warm sun.
Origin
900
before 900; (noun) Middle English sail(e), seille, Old English segl; cognate with German Segel, Old Norse segl; (v.) Middle English seillen, saylen, Old English siglan, seglian; cognate with Dutch zeilen, Old Norse sigla
Related forms
sailable, adjective
sailless, adjective
unsailable, adjective
unsailed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sailed
  • It was not howe had instead sailed away on an expedition to capture philadelphia.
  • Therefore it is never certain where zheng has sailed in these two expeditions.
British Dictionary definitions for sailed

sail

/seɪl/
noun
1.
an area of fabric, usually Terylene or nylon (formerly canvas), with fittings for holding it in any suitable position to catch the wind, used for propelling certain kinds of vessels, esp over water
2.
a voyage on such a vessel: a sail down the river
3.
a vessel with sails or such vessels collectively: to travel by sail, we raised seven sail in the northeast
4.
a ship's sails collectively
5.
something resembling a sail in shape, position, or function, such as the part of a windmill that is turned by the wind or the part of a Portuguese man-of-war that projects above the water
6.
the conning tower of a submarine
7.
in sail, having the sail set
8.
make sail
  1. to run up the sail or to run up more sail
  2. to begin a voyage
9.
set sail
  1. to embark on a voyage by ship
  2. to hoist sail
10.
under sail
  1. with sail hoisted
  2. under way
verb (mainly intransitive)
11.
to travel in a boat or ship: we sailed to Le Havre
12.
to begin a voyage; set sail: we sail at 5 o'clock
13.
(of a vessel) to move over the water: the liner is sailing to the Caribbean
14.
(transitive) to manoeuvre or navigate a vessel: he sailed the schooner up the channel
15.
(transitive) to sail over: she sailed the Atlantic single-handed
16.
often foll by over, through, etc. to move fast or effortlessly: we sailed through customs, the ball sailed over the fence
17.
to move along smoothly; glide
18.
(informal) often foll by in or into
  1. to begin (something) with vigour
  2. to make an attack (on) violently with words or physical force
Derived Forms
sailable, adjective
sailless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English segl; related to Old Frisian seil, Old Norse segl, German Segel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sailed

sail

n.

Old English segl "sail, veil, curtain," from Proto-Germanic *seglom (cf. Old Saxon, Swedish segel, Old Norse segl, Old Frisian seil, Dutch zeil, Old High German segal, German Segel), of obscure origin with no known cognates outside Germanic (Irish seol, Welsh hwyl "sail" are Germanic loan-words). In some sources (Klein, OED) referred to PIE root *sek- "to cut," as if meaning "a cut piece of cloth." To take the wind out of (someone's) sails (1888) is to deprive (someone) of the means of progress, especially by sudden and unexpected action, "as by one vessel sailing between the wind and another vessel," ["The Encyclopaedic Dictionary," 1888].

v.

Old English segilan "travel on water in a ship; equip with a sail," from the same Germanic source as sail (n.); cognate with Old Norse sigla, Middle Dutch seghelen, Dutch zeilen, Middle Low German segelen, German segeln. Meaning "to set out on a sea voyage, leave port" is from c.1200. Related: Sailed; sailing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with sailed
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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