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salat

[suh-laht] /səˈlɑt/
noun, Islam.
1.
prayers, said five times a day: the second of the Pillars of Islam.
Also, salah.
Compare rakʿa.
Origin
< Arabic ṣalāh, ṣalāt prayer
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for salat
n.

Islamic ritual prayer, from Arabic salah "prayer."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for salat

salah

the daily ritual prayer enjoined upon all Muslims as one of the five Pillars of Islam (arkan al-Islam). There is disagreement among Islamic scholars as to whether some passages about prayer in the Muslim sacred scripture, the Qur'an, are actually references to the salat. Within Muhammad's lifetime five ritual prayers, each preceded by ablution, were observed: salat al-fajr (dawn), az-zuhr (midday), al-'asr (afternoon), al-maghrib (sunset), and al-'isha' (evening). Under such special circumstances as illness, a journey, or war, a modification or limited postponement of these salats is allowed

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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