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sally

[sal-ee] /ˈsæl i/
noun, plural sallies.
1.
a sortie of troops from a besieged place upon an enemy.
2.
a sudden rushing forth or activity.
3.
an excursion or trip, usually off the main course.
4.
an outburst or flight of passion, fancy, etc.:
a sally of anger.
5.
a clever, witty, or fanciful remark.
6.
Carpentry. a projection, as of the end of a rafter beyond the notch by which the rafter is fitted over the wall plate.
verb (used without object), sallied, sallying.
7.
to make a sally, as a body of troops from a besieged place.
8.
to set out on a side trip or excursion.
9.
to set out briskly or energetically.
10.
(of things) to issue forth.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Middle French saillie attack, noun use of feminine past participle of saillir to rush forward < Latin salīre to leap
Related forms
sallier, noun
outsally, verb (used with object), outsallied, outsallying.
unsallying, adjective
Synonyms
5. quip, witticism.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sallying

sally1

/ˈsælɪ/
noun (pl) -lies
1.
a sudden violent excursion, esp by besieged forces to attack the besiegers; sortie
2.
a sudden outburst or emergence into action, expression, or emotion
3.
an excursion or jaunt
4.
a jocular retort
verb (intransitive) -lies, -lying, -lied
5.
to make a sudden violent excursion
6.
(often foll by forth) to go out on an expedition, etc
7.
to come, go, or set out in an energetic manner
8.
to rush out suddenly
Derived Forms
sallier, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French saillie, from saillir to dash forwards, from Latin salīre to leap

sally2

/ˈsælɪ/
noun (pl) -lies
1.
the lower part of a bell rope, where it is caught at handstroke, into which coloured wool is woven to make a grip
Word Origin
C19: perhaps from an obsolete or dialect sense of sally1 leaping movement

Sally

/ˈsælɪ/
noun (pl) -lies
1.
a member of the Salvation Army
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sallying

sally

n.

1540s, "a sudden rush, dash, or springing forth; specifically of troops from a besieged place, attacking the besiegers," from Middle French saillie "a rushing forth," noun use of fem. past participle of saillir "to leap," from Latin salire "to leap" (see salient (adj.)). Sally-port "gate or passage in a fortification to afford free egress to troops in making a sally" is from 1640s.

v.

1540s, from sally (n.). Related: Sallied; sallying.

Sally

fem. proper name, alteration of Sarah (cf. Hal from Harry, Moll from Mary, etc.). Sally Lunn cakes (1780) supposedly named for the woman in Bath who first made them and sold them in the streets. Sally Ann as a nickname for Salvation Army is recorded from 1927.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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