salon

[suh-lon; French sa-lawn]
noun, plural salons [suh-lonz; French sa-lawn] .
1.
a drawing room or reception room in a large house.
2.
an assembly of guests in such a room, especially an assembly, common during the 17th and 18th centuries, consisting of the leaders in society, art, politics, etc.
3.
a hall or place used for the exhibition of works of art.
4.
a shop, business, or department of a store offering a specific product or service, especially one catering to a fashionable clientele: a dress salon; a hair salon.
5.
(initial capital letter)
a.
the Salon, an annual exhibition of works of art by living artists, originally held at the Salon d'Apollon: it became, during the 19th century, the focal point of artistic controversy and was identified with academicism and official hostility to progress in art.
b.
a national exhibition of works of art by living artists: Salon des Refusés; Salon des Indépendants.

Origin:
1705–15; < French < Italian salone, equivalent to sal(a) hall (< Germanic; compare Old English sæl, Old Saxon seli, German Saal, Old Norse salr) + -one augmentative suffix

salon, saloon.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
salon (ˈsælɒn)
 
n
1.  a room in a large house in which guests are received
2.  an assembly of guests in a fashionable household, esp a gathering of major literary, artistic, and political figures from the 17th to the early 20th centuries
3.  a commercial establishment in which hairdressers, beauticians, etc, carry on their businesses: beauty salon
4.  a.  a hall for exhibiting works of art
 b.  such an exhibition, esp one showing the work of living artists
 
[C18: from French, from Italian salone, augmented form of sala hall, of Germanic origin; compare Old English sele hall, Old High German sal, Old Norse salr hall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

salon
1699, "large room or apartment in a palace or great house," from Fr. salon "reception room," from It. salone "large hall," from sala "hall," from a Gmc. source (cf. O.E. sele, O.N. salr "hall," O.H.G. sal "hall, house," Ger. Saal), from P.Gmc. *salaz, from PIE *sel- "human settlement" (cf. O.C.S. selo
"courtyard, village," Lith. sala "village"). Sense of "reception room of a Parisian lady" is from 1810; meaning "gathering of fashionable people" first recorded 1888 (the woman who hosts one is a salonnière). Meaning "annual exhibition of contemporary paintings and sculpture in Paris" is from its originally being held in one of the salons of the Louvre. Meaning "establishment for hairdressing and beauty care" is from 1913.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

salon definition


A periodic gathering of persons noted in literature, philosophy, the fine arts, or similar areas, held at one person's home. Salons thrived in the Enlightenment.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Salon has a visibly critical article because of it and ultimately it is about
  reputation.
Also there is a hair salon in a tree house right next to the hotel.
Sometimes a nail is ruined even before you get home from the salon.
In the salon, my fellow-diners were yawning rather than gasping or sobbing.
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