sambo

sambo

[sam-boh]
noun, plural sambos. Disparaging and Offensive.
1.
a black person.
2.
a Latin American of black and Indian or mulatto ancestry.
Also, zambo.


Origin:
1690–1700, Americanism; < American Spanish zambo black person, mulatto, perhaps special use of Spanish zambo bowlegged, said to be < Latin scambus < Greek skambós crooked

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World English Dictionary
sambo1 (ˈsæmbəʊ)
 
n , pl -bos
1.  slang an archaic and taboo word for a Black person: once used as a term of address
2.  archaic the offspring of a Black person and a member of another race or a mulatto
 
[C18: from American Spanish zambo a person of Black descent; perhaps related to Bantu nzambu monkey]

sambo or sambo wrestling2 (ˈsæmbəʊ)
 
n
a type of wrestling based on judo that originated in Russia and now features in international competitions
 
[C20: from Russian sam(ozashchita) b(ez) o(ruzhiya) self-defence without weapons]
 
sambo wrestling or sambo wrestling2
 
n
 
[C20: from Russian sam(ozashchita) b(ez) o(ruzhiya) self-defence without weapons]
 
sambo wrestler or sambo wrestling2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sambo
"person of mixed blood in America and Asia," 1748, perhaps from Sp. zambo "bandy-legged," probably from L. scambus "bow-legged," from Gk. skambos. Used variously in different regions to indicate some mixture of African, European, and Indian blood; common senses were "child of black and Indian parentage"
and "offspring of a black and a mulatto."

Sambo
stereotypical name for male black person (now only derogatory), 1818, Amer.Eng., probably a different word from sambo (1); like many such words (Cuffy, Rastus, etc.) a common personal name among U.S. blacks in the slavery days (first attested 1704 in Boston), probably from
an African source, cf. Foulah sambo "uncle," or a similar Hausa word meaning "second son." Used without conscious racism or contempt until circa World War II. When the word fell from polite usage, collateral casualties included the enormously popular children's book "The Story of Little Black Sambo" (by Helen Bannerman), which actually is about an East Indian child, and the Sambo's Restaurant chain, a U.S. pancake-specialty joint originally opened in Santa Barbara, Calif., in 1957 (the name supposedly from a merging of the names of the founders, Sam Battistone and Newell "Bo" Bohnett, but the chain's decor and advertising leaned heavily on the book), which once counted 1,200 units coast-to-coast. Civil rights agitation against it began in 1970s and the chain collapsed, though the original restaurant still is open. Many of the defunct restaurants were taken over by rival Denny's.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sambo

(Russian: "self-defense without weapons"), form of wrestling developed in the Soviet Union in the 1930s from elements of several Soviet regional styles. It is also practiced in Japan and Bulgaria. In 1964 it was recognized by the International Federation of Amateur Wrestling. It is similar to both judo and freestyle. Strangling, kicking, and scratching are among the few tactics forbidden

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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