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sanbenito

[san-buh-nee-toh] /ˌsæn bəˈni toʊ/
noun, plural sanbenitos. (under the Spanish Inquisition)
1.
an ornamented garment worn by a condemned heretic at an auto-da-fé.
2.
a penitential garment worn by a confessed heretic, of yellow for the penitent, of black for the impenitent.
Origin
1550-1560
1550-60; < Spanish, named after San Benito Saint Benedict, from its resemblance to the scapular believed to have been introduced by him
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sanbenito

sanbenito

/ˌsænbəˈniːtəʊ/
noun (pl) -tos
1.
a yellow garment bearing a red cross, worn by penitent heretics in the Inquisition
2.
a black garment bearing flames and devils, worn by impenitent heretics at an auto-da-fé
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish San Benito Saint Benedict, an ironical allusion to its likeness to the Benedictine scapular
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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