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sandarac

[san-duh-rak] /ˈsæn dəˌræk/
noun
1.
a coniferous tree, Tetraclinis articulata (Callitrus quadrivalvis), native to northwestern Africa, yielding a resin and a fragrant, hard, dark-colored wood much used in building.
2.
the brittle, usually pale-yellow, faintly aromatic resin exuding from the bark of this tree: used chiefly as incense and in making varnish.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English sandaracha < Latin sandaraca < Greek sandarákē realgar, beebread
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sandarac

sandarac

/ˈsændəˌræk/
noun
1.
Also called sandarac tree. either of two coniferous trees, Tetraclinis articulata of N Africa or Callistris endlicheri of Australia, having hard fragrant dark wood: family Cupressaceae
2.
a brittle pale yellow transparent resin obtained from the bark of this tree and used in making varnish and incense
3.
Also called citron wood. the wood of this tree, used in building
Word Origin
C16 sandaracha, from Latin sandaraca red pigment, from Greek sandarakē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for sandarac

brittle, faintly aromatic, translucent resin, usually available in the form of small, pale yellow, dusty tears; it is used as incense and in making a spirit varnish for coating paper, leather, and metal. The initial film is brittle, but it can readily be modified to yield elastic films by adding elemi, an oleoresin. Sandarac is obtained from the African sandarac tree, Tetraclinis articulata, or from cypress pines, genus Callitris, that grow in Australia, North Africa, and North America.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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