In the later system of emanation of Sankhya there is a more marked approach to a materialistic doctrine of evolution.
In India the Sankhya philosophy was the preparation for the Buddhist religion.
They are without much difficulty reducible to three leading schools of thought—the Nyaya, the Sankhya, and the Vedanta.
The Sankhya doctrine had announced that Brahman and the gods did not exist, but only nature and the soul.
It is expounded in the Sankhya Karika, an important relic of bold rationalistic Indian thought.
In his fifth incarnation, in the form of Kapila, he declared to Asuri the Sankhya which defines the collection of principles.
The Sankhya system, which Buddha found in existence, presupposes the Vedanta system.
The name Sankhya given to this system means "enumeration," "consideration."
Thou art the refuge of those versed in the Sankhya philosophy (the mysteries of the soul), and thou art the support of the Yogins.
And again: "In the later system of emanation of Sankhya there is a more marked approach to a materialistic doctrine of evolution."