Santiago

Santiago

[san-tee-ah-goh; Spanish sahn-tyah-gaw]
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Chile, in the central part.
2.
Also called Santiago de Compostela [duh-kom-puh-stel-uh; Spanish the kawm-paws-te-lah] . a city in NW Spain: pilgrimage center; cathedral.
3.
a city in SW Panama.
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Chile

[chil-ee; Spanish chee-le]
noun
a republic in SW South America, on the Pacific Coast. 286,396 sq. mi. (741,765 sq. km). Capital: Santiago.

Chilean, adjective, noun
pro-Chilean, adjective, noun
pseudo-Chilean, adjective, noun

Chile, chili, chilly.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chile (ˈtʃɪlɪ)
 
n
a variant spelling of chilli

Chile (ˈtʃɪlɪ)
 
n
a republic in South America, on the Pacific, with a total length of about 4090 km (2650 miles) and an average width of only 177 km (110 miles): gained independence from Spain in 1818; the government of President Allende (elected 1970) attempted the implementation of Marxist policies within a democratic system until overthrown by a military coup (1973); democracy restored 1988. Chile consists chiefly of the Andes in the east, the Atacama Desert in the north, a central fertile region, and a huge S region of almost uninhabitable mountains, glaciers, fjords, and islands; an important producer of copper, iron ore, nitrates, etc. Language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Santiago. Pop: 15 997 000 (2004 est). Area: 756 945 sq km (292 256 sq miles)

Santiago (ˌsæntɪˈɑːɡəʊ, Spanish sanˈtjaɣo)
 
n
1.  Official name: Santiago de Chile the capital of Chile, at the foot of the Andes: commercial and industrial centre; two universities. Pop: 5 623 000 (2005 est)
2.  Official name: Santiago de los Caballeros a city in the N Dominican Republic. Pop: 479 000 (2005 est)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Chile
S.Amer. country, probably named from a local native word subsequently confused with Mex.Sp. chile "chili pepper" (see chili). Suggestions are that the native word means "land's end" or else "cold, winter," which would make a coincidental identity with Eng. chilly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Chile definition


Republic in southern South America on the western slope of the Andes. Chile is a long, narrow strip of land bordered by Peru to the north, Bolivia and Argentina to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Its capital and largest city is Santiago.

Note: In 1973, General Augusto Pinochet led a coup that overthrew President Salvador Allende, a Marxist.
Note: Pinochet suppressed human rights and political activity until he lost a plebiscite in 1988. A successor was chosen in free elections. In 1998, Pinochet was arrested in Great Britain on a Spanish warrant, but a court ruled him too ill to stand trial. He returned to Chile, where attempts to prosecute him continued.
Santiago [(san-tee-ah-goh, sahn-tee-ah-goh)]

Capital of Chile and the largest city in the country, located in central Chile; commercial and political center of Chile and one of the largest cities in South America.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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