saponify

[suh-pon-uh-fahy] Chemistry.
verb (used with object), saponified, saponifying.
1.
to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali.
2.
to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid or salt.
verb (used without object), saponified, saponifying.
3.
to become converted into soap.

Origin:
1815–25; < Latin sāpōn- (stem of sāpō) soap + -ify

saponifiable, adjective
saponification, noun
saponifier, noun
nonsaponifiable, adjective
nonsaponification, noun
unsaponifiable, adjective
unsaponified, adjective
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World English Dictionary
saponify (səˈpɒnɪˌfaɪ)
 
vb , -fies, -fying, -fied
1.  to undergo or cause to undergo a process in which a fat is converted into a soap by treatment with alkali
2.  to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which an ester is hydrolysed to an acid and an alcohol as a result of treatment with an alkali
 
[C19: from French saponifier, from Latin sāpōsoap]
 
sa'ponifiable
 
adj
 
sa'ponifier
 
n
 
saponifi'cation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

saponify sa·pon·i·fy (sə-pŏn'ə-fī')
v. sa·pon·i·fied, sa·pon·i·fy·ing, sa·pon·i·fies
To undergo saponification.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Strong bases can both denature proteins and saponify fats, which facilitates tissue penetration and damage.
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