Quiz: Remember the definition of mal de mer?
city, seat (1907) of Creek county, northeastern Oklahoma, U.S. In 1886 the Frisco Railroad reached the site that the railroad men called Sapulpa, the name of a Creek Indian family that settled in the area about 1850. A railroad terminus, it developed as a cattle-shipping point. The oil and gas boom that followed the opening (1905) of the Glenn Pool field (4 miles [6 km] southeast) ushered in a period of prosperity. Diversified industry now includes meatpacking and the manufacture of oil-field equipment, glass, and steel tanks. The city is home to Frankoma Pottery, founded by John and Grace Frank in 1933; since 1954 its distinctive handcrafted ware has been made exclusively from a red clay found at Sapulpa's Sugar Loaf Hill. Inc. 1898. Pop. (1990) 18,074; (2000) 19,166.