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sarangi

[sahr-uh ng-gee] /ˈsɑr əŋ gi/
noun
1.
(in India) a violinlike instrument used to accompany classical dancing.
Origin
1850-1855
1850-55; < Sanskrit sāraṅgī
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sarangi

sarangi

/sɑːˈrʌŋɡɪ/
noun
1.
(music) a stringed instrument of India played with a bow
Word Origin
Hindi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for sarangi

short-necked fiddle used throughout South Asia, particularly for folk and classical Hindustani music. Measuring about 76 cm (30 inches) long, the instrument has a roughly rectangular slightly waisted body and broad fretless neck generally carved from a single piece of wood. It has three melody strings made of gut, usually tuned a fifth and a fourth apart, and 11 to 37 sympathetically vibrating metal strings. At least two convex bone bridges are required to accommodate the three melodic strings on top and the many vibrating strings below. The musician, who is seated, normally holds the instrument against his left shoulder in a vertical position and plays with an arched bow held in an underhand grip in his right hand. The fingertips of the left hand are used to stop the strings.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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